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I. Measurement Principle
High-frequency microwave pulses issued by the guided wave radar propagate along detection components (steel cable or steel rod), met the media to be measured, since the dielectric constant of the mutation, cause reflections, a portion of the pulse energy is reflected back. Transmit pulse and the reflected pulse is proportional to the distance and the time interval measured media.
As a result of advanced microprocessor and unique cho Discovery echo processing technology, guided wave radar level meter can be used in a variety of complex conditions.
Because of the type of process connections and detection components, making 70X Series Guided Wave Radar Level Meter is suitable for a variety of complex conditions and applications. Such as: high temperature, high pressure and low dielectric constant media.
Pulsed work, guided wave radar level instruments transmit power is very low, can be installed in a variety of metals, non-metallic container, no harm to humans and the environment.
Guided Wave Radar is a time travel to the principle of measuring instruments, radar run at the speed of light, the running time can be converted into a level signal by electronic components. When the pulse reaches the surface of the material, the pulse is reflected back and is received by the receiving container inside the instrument, the distance the signal is converted to level signals.
Reflected pulse signal along the cable or rod probe type transmit to the instrument electronic circuit parts, the microprocessor processes the signal, identify the microwave pulse echo generated in the material surface. Correct identification of the echo signal are completed the implementation by the pulse software，D, the distance from the material surface and the pulse travel time T is proportional:
Where C is the speed of light
Because the empty distance E is known, the level L is:
By entering the empty height of E (= zero), full tank height F (= hundred) and the application to set some parameters, application parameters will automatically adapt the instrument to measure the environment, corresponding to the 4-20mA output.
H--- Measuring range
B---The top of the blind
E---The minimum distance from the probe to the tank wall
--Blind spot is the minimum distance between the top of the highest material surface materials and measurement reference point.
--The bottom of the blind refers to a distance near the very bottom of the cable can not be accurately measured.
--Between the top and bottom of the blind is blind effective measure distances.
In order to ensure the accuracy of level measurement, the material should be located between the top and bottom of the blind the blind.
II. Product Introduction
|Suitable for Medium:||Liquid, especially corrosive liquids|
|Application：||Acids, bases or other corrosive media|
|Explosion-proof Grade:||Exia IIC T6 Ga/ Exd IIC T6 Gb|
|Antenna:||Full PTFE sealing cable type or rod antenna|
|The Scene Display:||Four LCD/Can be programmed|
|Power Source:||Two-wire (DC24V) /Four-wire（DC24V / AC220V）|
|Connection:||Flange (optional) / Thread|
III. Installation Guide
Within the measurement range, determined not to come into contact with the cable or rod internal obstacles, Therefore, the installation should be avoided as far as possible the tank facilities, such as: human ladder, limit switches, heating devices, stand etc. Also note that the cable or rod may not intersect with the material during feeding.
Also note that when installing the meter : Highest Level measurement can not enter into the blind; Must be maintained between the instrument and the tank wall a certain distance; When the meter is installed, try to stick with cable or perpendicular to the surface of the measured medium. Meter installation in hazardous areas must comply with state regulations explosion hazardous installation area. Intrinsically safe instrument requires the use of shell with aluminum. Intrinsically safe instrument can be installed in explosion-proof requirements of the occasion, the instrument must be connected to the earth.
Measurement reference plane is the sealing surface of the thread.
① Blind Range (Menu 1.9)
② Cable Length (Menu 1.8)
③ Max.Measurement Range (Menu 1.2)
④ Min.Measurement Range (Menu 1.1) reference Plane
Ø Far away from the discharge port and inlet.
Ø Metal cans in the entire measuring range, not to touch the tank wall and tank bottom.
Recommended meter installed in 1/4 or 1/6 of the silo diameter, and the minimum distance is 1/10 of the tank wall of the measuring range.
Ø Cable type or rod probe the minimum distance from the tank wall ≥300mm.
Ø Bottom of the probe from the tank bottom ≥30mm.
Ø The minimum distance from the probe obstructions ≥200mm.
Ø If the bottom of the container is a cone, you can install a central tank top.
Below is a single rod radar level meter installation drawings, mainly used for liquid level measurement
Ø You can measure any dielectric permittivity of ≥1.8 .
Ø Generally used to measure viscosity ≤500cst, not prone to adhesion medium.
Ø Rod radar maximum range of 6 m.
Ø Instrumentation for steam and foam has a strong penetrating power, the measurement is not affected.
Ø For a lot of foam liquid measurement environment, you should select a single rod guided wave radar level meter measurement.
Below is double rod radar level meter installation drawings, mainly for low dielectric constant liquid and solid lightweight powder measurements
Ø For low dielectric constant of the liquid and light solid powder, can double cable measurement mode, in order to ensure accurate measurements.
Ø You can measure the dielectric constant of ≥1.6 in any medium.
Ø Generally used to measure viscosity ≤500cst, not prone to adhesion medium.
Ø Double cable radar level meter maximum range of up to 30 meters.
Ø Reasonable meter installation to ensure long-term reliable and accurate measurement
Guided Wave Radar Level Meter can be connected by threaded, thread length should not exceed 15mm, also can be installed on a short tube. When installing a short tube diameter of 2 "to 6", the installation of a short tube height should ≤100mm（Thread length and short tube shorter measurement will be more stable）, If you install a short pipe is longer, it is best to cut it short, or using insulation bracket fixed cable type probe, avoiding probe in contact with the short end of the pipe to further to affect the measurement.
Ø DN200 or DN250 installed in the short tube
When guided wave radar level meter need to be installed at the short pipe diameters greater than 200mm, the short tube wall will produce an echo, the medium in the case of a low dielectric constant can cause measurement errors. Therefore, with a diameter of 200mm or 250mm short tube, you need to choose a special flange with a "horn Interface" of.
Ø Installation Notes on plastic containers
Whether cable or rod type, if you want to guided wave radar is working properly, the process of connecting to the metal surface should be. When the guided wave radar mounted on a plastic pot, If the tank top is plastic or other non-conductive material, the instrument needs with metal flanges, the use of threaded connections, to be equipped with a metal plate.
Ø Optimized interference
² Interference echo suppression：Software can be realized on disturbance echo suppression, to achieve the desired measurement results.
² For a medium viscosity of less than 500cst, can bypass pipe or waveguide (Only for liquids) to avoid interference.
Ø Installation of low dielectric constant of the liquid
For dielectric constant greater than 1.3, the viscosity ≤500cst, and is not easy adhesion medium, guided wave radar meter can be installed in the waveguide is measured, has the following characteristics:
² superior reliability, high-precision
² Can be used in any medium of dielectric constant ≥1.3, it doesn't matter between measurement and conductive medium.
² obstructions and short pipe size does not affect the measurement
Ø Corrosive media measurement
If the measurement of corrosive media, the choice of rod or cable probe sets PTFE, PFA sleeve measurement.
Ø installed in horizontal and vertical tank on tank
² Rod probe can be up to six meters, more than six meters for measuring distances tank, the choice of 4mm rope probe.
² Installation and fixation with the same measurement of solid powder compartment.
² Distance from the tank wall ≥300mm, the probe must avoid contact with the tank wall.
² In the choice of probe length, note at the bottom of the probe from the tank bottom distance> 30mm.
² If obstructions are more, or too close to the probe by the sensor, it can then be measured by installing tube waveguide.
Ø The matters needing attention:
² To be measured in the waveguide radar, generally used in rod probe sensors, during installation You should use insulated bracket fixed probe, ensuring rod probe with concentric waveguide, or they will have a very strong false echoes.
² When measuring range exceeds the maximum measuring range rod probe should be used in guided wave radar probe cable, In this case waveguide diameter should be greater than or equal to 6 ", otherwise it will generate strong false echoes.
Installation of right and wrong
IV. Structure Size（Unit: mm）
V. The Electrical Connection
Power supply and current signal are carried by the same two-wire connection cable. See the Technical Specifications of this guide for detailed requirement on power supply. A safety barrier should be placed between power supply and instrument for intrinsically safe version.
Power supply and current signal are carried by two 2-wire connection cables respectively. See the Technical Specifications of this guide for detailed requirement on power supply.
Earth-connected current output can be used for standard version of level instruments, while the explosion proof version must be operated with a floating current output. Both instruments and earth terminals should be connected with ground firmly and securely. Normally you can either choose to connect with the earth terminal on vessel or adjacent ground in case of plastic vessels.
General Introduction Supply cable can use ordinary two-core cable, the cable diameter should be (5 ~ 9) mm, to ensure that the cable entry seal. If electromagnetic interference exists, recommended to use shielded cable.
(4～20) mA/HART（Two-wire） Supply cable can use ordinary two-core cable.
(4～20) mA/HART（Four-wire） Supply cable should be used with a dedicated ground cable.
Shielding and wiring The two ends of shielded cable must be connected with earth terminal. The shielded cable must be connected with inner earth terminal directly inside the transducer, while the outside earth terminal on housing must be connected with ground. In the event of earth-connected current, the shielding side of shielded cable must be connected to ground potential via a ceramic capacitor (e.g. 1nF/1500V) in order to dampen the low frequency grounding current and avoid the disturbance caused by high frequency signals.
Explosion Proof Connection
The intrinsic safety version sensors (Exia IIc T6) use Alu-die casting housing and filling Silicone rubber sealants internal structure aimed to prevent sparks resulted from circuit failure from leaking out. It is applicable for the continuous level measurement of flammable medium under Exia IIc T6.
A safety barrier FBS-2 must be used together with the intrinsic safety instrument. It is an associated device to this product for the power supply of this product. The main specification is intrinsic safety: Exia IIC, voltage of power supply: 24V DC±5%, short-circuit current: 135mA, operating current: 4...20mA.
All cables must be shielded. The max length is 500m for the cable from the barrier to the sensor. Stray capacitor≤0.1μF/Km, stray inductance 1mH/Km. Instrument must be connected to the ground potential. Any unapproved associated device is not allowed to be used.
Ø Please observe the local electrical code requirements!
Ø Please comply with local requirements for personnel health and safety regulations.
All electrical components of instrument operation must be completed by the formal training of professionals.
Ø Please check the instrument nameplate to provide product specifications meet your requirements. Please make sure that the power supply voltage and instrument nameplate on the requirements.
The instrument fully meet the requirements of protection class IP66/67, make sure the cable head waterproof seal. As shown below:
² How to ensure that the installation meets IP67 requirements:
² Make sure that the sealing head is not damaged.
² Make sure that the cable is not damaged.
² Make sure the cable is used in line with the electrical connection specifications.
² Before entering the electrical interface, the cable is bent down wardly, to ensure that water does not flow into the casing, see ①
² Please tighten the cable sealing head, see ②
² Keep electrical interface with blind unused block after block tight, see ③
VI. Adjustment Instructions
① Display/adjustment module ViewPoint）
② An adjustment software
③ HART handheld programmer
Display / Adjustment Module
View Point is a display debugging tool that can be plugged in. The adjustment can be done through operating with four buttons on View Point. Optional menu operation languages are available for selection. View Point is only used for display after adjustment in that the measurement results can be seen clearly through the glass window.
Display / Keypad
① Liquid Crystal Display
② Adjustment Keypad
Connect with another unit through HART
① RS232 Connect Cable /USB port
② Radar level meter
③ HATR port adapter used on COMWAY convertor
④ 250 ohm Resistance
HART Handheld Programmer
Adjust meter with HART Handheld Programmer
① HART Handheld Programmer
② Radar level meter
③ 250 ohm Resistance
VII. Technical Specification
|Rod：||Stainless Steel 316L/PTFE|
|Cable：||Stainless Steel 316L/PTFE|
|Coax：||Stainless Steel 316L/PTFE|
|Seal：||Viton fluororubber , Kalrez Fluorinated rubber|
|Process Connection：||Stainless Steel 316L|
|Shell：||Stainless Steel 316L, Plastic，Aluminum Alu-die casting, Powder Coated|
|Seal ring between the|
shell and the shell：
|View Point Window：||Polycarbonate|
|Ground Terminal：||Stainless Steel 316L|
|Standard Version||(16～26)V DC|
|Intrinsic Safe Version||(21.6～26.4)V DC|
|Power Consumption||max. 22.5mA|
|- <100Hz||Uss < lV|
|- (100～100K)Hz||Uss < l0mV|
|(22.8 ~ 26.4) V DC||2-wire system|
|(198 ~242)V AC / 110V AC||4-wire system / 4-wire system|
|Power Consumption||max. 1VA，1W|
Parameters on Cable
|Cable Entry/Plug||One cable entry of M20xl.5 (cable diameter of 5～9mm)|
|One blind stopper M20xl.5|
|Spring Connection Terminal||Applicable for cables with cross section of 2.5mm|
|Failure mode||20.5mA；22mA；3.9mA, hold|
|2-wire load resistance||See the diagram below|
|4-wire load resistance||Max.500 ohm|
|Integration Time||( 0～36)sec, adjustable|
Max Measurement Distance
|Measurement Interval||About 1sec (Depend on parameter settings)|
|Adjustment Time||About 1sec (Depend on parameter settings)|
|Resolution of Display||1mm|
|Accuracy||±10mm(See the accuracy illustration diagram below)|
Process Temperature (Probe)
|VibrationProof||Mechanical vibration 10m/s² , (10～150)Hz|
|Max PullingForce||See the illustrative diagram on pulling force|
When measuring solid medium, the pulling force is determined by the diameter of vessel and medium level, some examples of pulling force generated by typical medium are shown on the diagrams below.
VIII. Product Selection & Ordering Information
a） Maximum Range / Type of detecting component
20000mm / Full PTFE sealing cable type or 6000mm / Full PTFE sealing rod type
b） Explosion Proof Approval
P Standard (Without Approval)
I Intrinsically Safe（Exia IIC T6 Ga）
G Flameproof （Exd IIC T6 Gb）
c） Type of detecting component /Material
A Cable Φ4mm / PTFE
C Rod Φ10mm / PTFE
d） Process Connection /Material
G Thread G1½″ A
N Thread 1½″ NPT
C Flange DN50 PN16C / Stainless Steel /PTFE
D Flange DN80 PN16C / Stainless Steel /PTFE
E Flange DN100 PN16C / Stainless Steel /PTFE
F Flange DN150 PN16C / Stainless Steel /PTFE
H Flange DN200 PN16C / Stainless Steel /PTFE
I Flange 2〞150LBS ANSI Convex / Stainless Steel 316L/PTFE
J Flange 3〞150LBS ANSI Convex / Stainless Steel 316L /PTFE
K Flange 4〞150LBS ANSI Convex / Stainless Steel 316L/PTFE
L Flange 6〞150LBS ANSI Convex / Stainless Steel 316L/PTFE
M Flange 8〞150LBS ANSI Convex / Stainless Steel 316 L /PTFE
e） Seal / Process Temperature
1. Normal (-40～130)℃
2. High Temperature (-40～200)℃
f） The Electronic Unit
3 (4~20) mA / 24V DC / HART two wire system
4 (4~20) mA / 220V AC / HART four wire system
5 RS485 Modbus / 6~24V four wire system
g） Outer Covering / Protection Class
L Aluminum / Single cavity / IP67
H Aluminum / Double cavity / IP67
G Plastic / Single cavity / IP65
K Stainless steel / Single cavity / IP67
h ） Cable Line
M M 20 x 1.5
N ½″ NPT
i） Display / Programming
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